Manual of the Second Presbyterian Church, Chicago (Chicago: Knight Co., 1894), 34-35, 38-39.
H. H. Barbour, A Brief History of Baptists in Chicago (Chicago: Press of S. D. Childs & Co., 1892), 13.
Saint Francis de Sales Parish, Chicago: The 75th Anniversary, 1889-1964 (Chicago: The Parish, 1964), 49 and 50.
Philo Adams Otis, The First Presbyterian Church, 1833-1913: A History of the Oldest Organization in Chicago (Chicago: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1913), 304-305.
A. T. Andreas, A History of Chicago from the Earliest Period to the Present Times (Chicago: A. T. Andreas, 1886), III: 805-806.
Catalogue of the Armour Mission Sunday School Library, 1,200 Volumes (Chicago: Armour Mission, 1888).
M. N. Starzynski,75th anniversary, St. Stanislaus Bishop and Martyr Church, 1893-1968 (Chicago: n.p., 1968), 33.